Did you know that your oral hygiene habits affect your overall health? There is a connection between oral diseases and other pathologies, such as cardiovascular disease. Taking good care of your mouth is a good health investment for the future.
It is important to remove plaque from teeth and gums daily. But sticks to teeth and causes gum inflammation (called gingivitis) and tooth decay. Both adults and children should brush their teeth with fluoride toothpaste twice a day. From adolescence, you should also clean between teeth daily.
Eat a balanced diet and limit snacks between meals. See your dentist regularly for a professional cleaning and oral checkup.
From 0 to 3 years
If you have one or a few teeth, gums and gently clean your baby’s teeth after each meal with a cloth diaper or gauze moistened with water, or use a finger brush (the fingers are placed as the old thimbles for sewing) and are specially designed to brush the teeth of young children.
When the child has more teeth need to accustom to a daily oral hygiene routine, for which you can use a toothbrush with soft bristles and a small head, at least twice a day. It is not advisable to use toothpaste at this age because most of the compounds have fluorine, and its intake could to irritate the stomach.
From 3 to 5 years
We must begin to take kids this age to the dentist for evaluation of diet, oral hygiene and fluoride applications.
Around age 3, children should use a soft toothbrush with a small amount of baby toothpaste (lentil amount equal to 1), and under the supervision of parents to prevent child swallows pasta.
The fall of the first teeth usually start around 5 or 6 years, when he begins the long process of renewal of teeth to achieve the complete denture. As the permanent teeth grow and start to leave, push the teeth, causing the latter to loosen and fall out.
The frequency should be brushed at least twice daily, after breakfast and before bedtime. High supervision and parental involvement in their children brushing is required.
From 5 to 7 years
Most important in this period is the appearance of the first (“molar 6 years”) permanent molars erupt spontaneously behind the last teeth and this fact often goes unnoticed by parents and pediatricians, as the 6 years molar appears in the mouth without replacing any teeth. It is important to see a dentist to seal these molars. The seal must be complemented with applications of fluoride every 6 months. Brushing still at this age should be supervised by parents and should be done after every meal.
If your child eats lunch at school, you must bring your toothbrush and use it after lunch. This is very important to prevent tooth decay.
7 years and over
It is important at this stage to go to the orthodontist to control the bite, the growth and development of the jaws along with the location and eruption of the teeth.
Should seal the new final pieces that appear in the mouth and continue with applications every 6 months fluoride in dentistry.
Around age 12 the second molars come definitive.
At about 13 years old, already have all the permanent teeth in the mouth.
Brushing should be a soft bristle brush, including flossing and mouthwash with fluoride, which should be part of daily practice in the prevention of decay from this age.
Finally, we recommend controlling the intake of sugary food and fancy drinks, and replace them with fruit and healthy snacks.